|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2020
|Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]|
|Income Taxes||Income Taxes
For the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, our provision for income taxes, as a percentage of income before income taxes was 24.4 percent and 45.7 percent, respectively, compared with a U.S. federal statutory rate of 21.0 percent. For the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, our provision for income taxes, as a percentage of income before income taxes was 28.9 percent and 43.9 percent, respectively, compared with a U.S. federal statutory rate of 21.0 percent.
The difference between the effective tax rate and the U.S. federal statutory tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, was primarily attributed to transfer pricing adjustments and current year foreign losses that presently do not provide future tax benefit, as well as net unfavorable foreign tax related items.
The difference between the effective tax rate and the U.S. federal statutory tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, was primarily attributed to foreign losses during those periods that were not expected to provide future tax benefit as well as net unfavorable foreign tax related items.
The difference between the effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to June 30, 2019 is primarily caused by the increase in income. This increase to income causes items such as foreign losses and unfavorable tax adjustments to have a lesser impact on the effective tax rate.
As the U.S. Department of the Treasury is working on finalizing Treasury Regulations with respect to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (Tax Reform Act), future changes could likewise affect recorded deferred tax assets and liabilities in later periods. Management is not aware of any such additional changes that would have a material effect on our results of operations, cash flows or financial position.
Our U.S. federal income tax returns for 2016 through 2018 are open to examination for federal tax purposes. We have several foreign tax jurisdictions that have open tax years from 2014 through 2019.
As of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, we had accrued $1.4 million and $1.5 million, respectively, related to unrecognized tax positions.
Interim income taxes are based on an estimated annualized effective tax rate applied to the respective quarterly periods, adjusted for discrete tax items in the period in which they occur. Although we believe our tax estimates are reasonable, we can make no assurance that the final tax outcome of these matters will not be different from that which we have reflected in our historical income tax provisions and accruals. Such differences could have a material impact on our income tax provision and operating results in the period in which we make such determination.
The entire disclosure for income taxes. Disclosures may include net deferred tax liability or asset recognized in an enterprise's statement of financial position, net change during the year in the total valuation allowance, approximate tax effect of each type of temporary difference and carryforward that gives rise to a significant portion of deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets, utilization of a tax carryback, and tax uncertainties information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef