|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2019
|Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]|
For the three months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, our provision for income taxes, as a percentage of income before income taxes was 45.7 percent and 116.4 percent, respectively, compared with a U.S. federal statutory rate of 21.0 percent. For the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, our provision for income taxes, as a percentage of income before income taxes was 43.9 percent and 86.5 percent, respectively, compared with a U.S. federal statutory rate of 21.0 percent.
The difference between the effective tax rate and the U.S. federal statutory tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, was primarily attributed to current year foreign losses that presently do not provide future tax benefit, as well as net unfavorable foreign tax related items.
The difference between the effective tax rate and the U.S. federal statutory tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, was primarily attributed to foreign losses during those periods, largely related to China, that were not expected to provide future tax benefit, as well as net unfavorable foreign tax related items.
As the U.S. Department of the Treasury is working on finalizing Treasury Regulations with respect to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (Tax Reform Act), future changes could likewise affect recorded deferred tax assets and liabilities in later periods. Management is not aware of any such additional changes that would have a material effect on our results of operations, cash flows or financial position.
Our U.S. federal income tax returns for 2015 through 2017 are open to examination for federal tax purposes. We have several foreign tax jurisdictions that have open tax years from 2012 through 2018. The Internal Revenue Service has notified us they will be conducting an audit of our U.S. federal income tax return for the 2017 tax year.
As of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, we had accrued $2.2 million and $2.2 million, respectively, related to unrecognized tax positions.
Interim income taxes are based on an estimated annualized effective tax rate applied to the respective quarterly periods, adjusted for discrete tax items in the period in which they occur. Although we believe our tax estimates are reasonable, we can make no assurance that the final tax outcome of these matters will not be different from that which we have reflected in our historical income tax provisions and accruals. Such differences could have a material impact on our income tax provision and operating results in the period in which we make such determination.
The entire disclosure for income taxes. Disclosures may include net deferred tax liability or asset recognized in an enterprise's statement of financial position, net change during the year in the total valuation allowance, approximate tax effect of each type of temporary difference and carryforward that gives rise to a significant portion of deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets, utilization of a tax carryback, and tax uncertainties information.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef